However, distinct breeds are the result of selective breeding to emphasize certain traits. As a rule, breed chicken silk chickens for their valuable meat. As early as the 7th century, traditional Chinese medicine has held that chicken soup made with Silkie meat is a curative food. Hybrids do not reliably pass on their features to their offspring, but are highly valued for their producing abilities. This breed is active and may come in single or rose combed variety. Plummage varieties include Pinta Negra (black mottled), Pinta Roxa (mottled brown), Blanca (white), and Abedul (black). The standards of perfection call for all Silkies to have a small walnut-shaped comb, dark wattles, and turquoise-blue earlobes. [1], In the 21st century, chickens are frequently bred according to predetermined breed standards set down by governing organizations. Cochins … [3] In 1598, Ulisse Aldrovandi, a writer and naturalist at the University of Bologna, Italy, published a comprehensive treatise on chickens which is still read and admired today. [3] The American Standard of Perfection calls for males that are 36 ounces (1 kg), and females that are 32 ounces (910 grams). [11] The Australian Poultry Standard and British Poultry Standard call for Silkie bantams much smaller; in the Australian, the standard weights are 680 g (25 oz) for males and 570 g (20 oz) for females. They also are separated according to color. Asian Blacks are a new type of chicken being bred for both meat and egg production. The Buff Cochin is one of the large chicken breeds for domestic and farm use. The Cornish Cross is the preferred when picking a chicken for meat. Once bred exclusively to serve the royal family and mandarins, this rare breed is now prized by chicken breeders and its meat is served in expensive restaurants that cater to the wealthy. The physical traits used to distinguish chicken breeds are size, plumage color, comb type, skin color, number of toes, amount of feathering, egg color, and place of origin. This chicken breed is endemic to the Dong Tao commune in Khoai Chau district, about 30km from Hanoi. All chickens lay eggs, have edible meat, and possess a unique appearance. The Silkie breed was documented in ancient China and known in those times as Chinese Silk Chicken. Czech Republic • Vietnam, By primary use: We offer quality rare chicken breeds with colorful plumage, making an excellent addition to your backyard chicken flock. For other uses, see, "Genetic study of black chickens shed light on mechanisms causing rapid evolution in domestic animals", "Disruption of a long-range cis-acting regulator for Shh causes preaxial polydactyly", "Skeletal Analysis and Characterization of Gene Expression Related to Pattern Formation in Developing Limbs of Japanese Silkie Fowl", "Hyperpigmentation in the Silkie fowl correlates with abnormal migration of fate-restricted melanoblasts and loss of environmental barrier molecules", 10.1002/1097-0177(20010301)220:3<212::AID-DVDY1105>3.0.CO;2-9, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Silkie&oldid=1000371356, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 20:51. Thailand • [1] Domesticated for thousands of years, distinguishable breeds of chicken have been present since the combined factors of geographical isolation and selection for desired characteristics created regional types with distinct physical and behavioral traits passed on to their offspring. [5], In the 21st century, Silkies are one of the most popular and ubiquitous ornamental breeds of chicken. Slovakia • They can produce as much as 220 eggs annually with slight tendencies to be broody. Asociacion Cántabra para la Conservación y Fomento de la Gallina Pedresa. These are beautiful birds that appear black or black with red at first glance. Poland • A true bantam has no large counterpart, and is naturally small. Canada • The breed is called the Canadian Hungarian Yellow in Hungary. The Cornish Cross Broiler is the most efficient meat chicken of all meat breed chickens; they are fast growing chicken breed with good feed conversion ratio; they have the ability to mature within 8 weeks. France • Rare Chicken Breeds- safely shipped to anywhere in the contiguous United States. Silkie chickens are a highly prized breed of chicken that has beautiful silky white plumage, and startlingly black skin. The true bantams include: Many common strains of crossbred chickens exist, but none breed true or are recognized by poultry breed standards; thus, though they are extremely common in flocks focusing on high productivity, crossbreeds do not technically meet the definition of a breed. In it, he spoke on "wool-bearing chickens" and ones "clothed with hair like that of a black cat". Greece • Meat • They are known to have a very distinct personality and are enjoyable to watch as they climb trees and search endlessly for bugs. Indonesia • The history of chickens (Gallus domesticus) is still a bit of a puzzle.Scholars agree that they were first domesticated from a wild form called red junglefowl (Gallus gallus), a bird that still runs wild in most of southeast Asia, most likely hybridized with the gray junglefowl (G. sonneratii).That occurred probably about 8,000 years ago. The American Bantam Association includes over 400 varieties of Bantam chickens. Bulgaria • Though they are fair layers themselves, laying only about three eggs a week, they are commonly used to hatch eggs from other breeds and bird species due to their broody nature. With a heart as black as our souls, Indonesia’s Ayam Cemani are our new goth dream queens. [8], This article is about a variety of a chicken. Color is an important factor for any kinds of Poultry Chicken. [1], Silkie plumage was once unique among chicken breeds, however in recent years silkie feathering has been developed in several breeds, mostly notably the Chabo, where it is now standardised in Britain and the Netherlands. India • If you’re planning to participate in such exhibitions, this knowledge will help you make the right choice of your show chickens. [3] Only some of the known breeds are included in these publications, and only those breeds are eligible to be shown competitively. The sport of fighting is now illegal but now many people raise these chickens for exhibition, to preserve genetic treasures, or for their backyard amusement. The genetic cause of this extra digit formation has been shown to be a SNP in a regulator of the SHH gene, called the ZPA Regulatory Sequence (ZRS). [1] The earliest surviving written account of Silkies comes from Marco Polo, who wrote of a "furry" chicken in the 13th century during his travels in Asia. [6][7] It has been compared to silk,[8] and to fur. [10] Disregarding color, the breed does not generally produce as much as the more common meat breeds of chicken. Myanmar • Jul 26, 2014 #3 enola Crowing. Many people are worried about hormones in our foods, therefore decided to raise their own food.If you want to follow their lead, these are the chickens to raise. General breed discussions & FAQ. Chicks down the color of White Chicken Breeds will vary from a light-weight creamy white, through completely different yellow shades, to a cooked orange. Almost all North American strains of the breed are bantam-sized, but in Europe the standard-sized is the original version. Araucana. They have a mild-mannered nature and make excellent pets, and you’ll often see them at poultry shows. Processing Time: 16-20 weeks. Bantam Chicken Breeds. They do well in small to medium spaces and are a smaller version of a normal chicken. Spain • White Chicken Breeds is basically a White feather based poultry. However, even standard Silkies are relatively small chickens, with the males weighing only four pounds (1.8 kg), and females weighing three pounds (1.36 kg). This chicken… [3], All Silkies have black or bluish skin, bones and grayish-black meat; their Chinese language name is wu gu ji (烏骨雞[9]), meaning 'black-boned chicken'. Common Breed Names: Ancona Alternative Breed Names: N/A Description: Ancona originated in Marche, Italy, although their current type was developed in the UK. In the list of Top 10 Most Beautiful Chicken Breeds In The World Araucana is at no 1. Their feathers lack functioning barbicels, and are thus similar to down on other birds. There are brown and white egg layers and heritage chicken breeds in this list of more than three dozen exotic and rare birds. Dual purpose breed: These are breeds raised for both egg and meat production. [13], Silkies are also known for their polydactyly, usually manifesting as an additional 1-2 digits in the foot. This is not a fighting breed and can live in confinement. Almost all North American strains of the breed are bantam-sized, but in Europe the standard-sized is the original version. We can understand about a Poultry chicken by their color. Though they have high mortality rates in the egg, the Araucana breed is a good dual purpose chicken with strong egg producing qualities and enough meat for a meal. We take the time to find rare breeds of chickens for sale that can be shipped safely. Average Weight: 13-15 pounds. Brazil • Feleciano R. Bejar, Manuel J. Baylon, Jaime B. Fabillar, Lagrito Ebert B. Mante, Arturo A. Ultra, Reynaldo R. Aquino, Elvie T. Bejar (2012). Areas where Chinese cuisine has a strong influence, such as Malaysia, may also cook Silkie. There are hundreds of chicken breeds in existence. 11 Years. White Chicken Breeds. Traditional Chinese soup made with Silkie also uses ingredients such as wolfberries, Dioscorea polystachya (mountain yam), orange peel, and fresh ginger. Even though there are numerous breeds of chickens to choose for exhibitions, only a few qualify for such events. But knowledge of the right chicken breeds for the exhibition is the most important part of this project. [8] Melanism which extends beyond the skin into an animal's connective tissue is a rare trait, and in chickens it is caused by fibromelanosis, which is a rare mutation believed to have begun in Asia. They are often exhibited in poultry shows, and appear in various colors. Germany • This characteristic leaves Silkies unable to fly. harv error: no target: CITEREFEkarius2007 (. They are often kept as ornamental fowl or pet chickens by backyard keepers, and are also commonly used to incubate and raise the offspring of other chickens and waterfowl like ducks and geese and game birds such as quail and pheasants. There are additionally a few hybrid strains which are common in the poultry world, especially in large poultry farms. Though some may be slightly better for one of these purposes, they are usually called dual-purpose breeds. Romania • We have grouped them together until we have more articles and photos when we will split them out into individual sections. Most crossbreed strains are sex linked, allowing for easy chick sexing. He marvelled about seeing a bird with black skin and “hair like a cat” on his travels to China. Alternative hues, such as cuckoo, lavender, red, and splash also exist. [1], By place of origin: In addition to their distinctive physical characteristics, Silkies are well known for their calm, friendly temperament. Chinese silk chicken: description and characteristics of the breed, keeping and breeding Origin. Average Height: Up to 26 inches. Chile • Domestic Animal Diversity Information System, http://www.rfp-europe.org/fileadmin/SITE_ERFP/country_reports/Crotia/CR_Croatia_2009.pdf, "Biodiversity in the CR/animals genetic resources", "Finnish National Animal Genetic Resources Program / Each country's work / Nordic conservation work / InnehĂĽll / Farm Animals / NordGens webbplats - Nordic Genetic Resource Center", Listing of European Poultry Breeds and Colours, 2013, Agricultural Research Council - The indigenous poultry breeds of SA, Ganaderia: Catálogo Oficial de Razas de Ganado de España. Since the sport of cockfighting has been outlawed in the developed world, most breeds first developed for this purpose, called game fowl, are now seen principally in the show ring rather than the cock pit as fighting cocks. Apart from these breeds, there are many breeds of chicken like the Campine, Catalana, Cochin, Brahmas, Baheij, Araucana, Aseel, Blue Hen of Delaware, Lamona, Asturian Painted Hen, Kosova Long Crowing Rooster and many more. Buff Cochin. Approximate Weight: 7 lbs. But then as the light hits them, their feathers flash in a brilliant blue and green sheen. [1], Silkies appear in two distinct varieties: bearded and non-bearded. Belgium • Chinese cuisine especially values the breed, but it is also a common ingredient in some Japanese, Cambodian, Vietnamese and Korean dishes. Many breeds were selected and are used primarily for producing eggs, these are mostly light-weight birds whose hens do not go broody often. Exhibition, See also   •    Footnotes   •    References. The breed is still raised on government farms but has also been released to private farmers. Meat Breeds. This breed is the only chicken indigenous to the area, and are considered extremely rare. The breed has several other unusual qualities, such as black skin and bones, blue earlobes, and five toes on each foot, whereas most chickens only have four. The Appenzeller breed is generally kept as a show breed. [4], Silkies most likely made their way to the West via the Silk Route and maritime trade. Some breeds are raised mainly for meat: The generalist breeds used in barnyards worldwide are adaptable utility birds good at producing both meat and eggs. Switzerland • Rhodes Island Red. Most farms and homesteads use dual-purpose breeds for meat production. Eggs • Oriental and Long Tail Chickens. Japan • Source: flickr.com. Miniatures are usually one-fifth to one-quarter the size of the standard breed, but they are expected to exhibit all of the standard breed's characteristics. Egypt • Norway • [17], Silkies lay a fair number of eggs, of a cream color, but production is often interrupted due to their extreme tendency to go broody; a hen will produce 100 eggs in an ideal year. The #Silkie (sometimes spelled #Silky) is a breed of #chicken named for its atypically fluffy plumage, which is said to feel like #silk, and #satin. They are hardy, lively, and rustic. It contains a lot of calcium, phosphorus, amino acids, vitamins and nicotinic acid. Finland • Iran • South Africa • Malaysia • Australorp chicken breed. Gamefowl are breeds of chickens that used to be bred for rooster fighting. United States • Other places in Southeast Asia have been named as possibilities, such as India and Java. In addition to these defining characteristics, Silkies have five toes on each foot. Austria • Many breeds have always been kept for ornamental purposes, and others have been shifted from their original use to become first and foremost exhibition fowl, even if they may retain some inherent utility. European Union Council Directive 1999/74/EC, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_chicken_breeds&oldid=993280071, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Noord Hollands Hoen or Noord-Hollandse Blauwe, see, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 19:52. Domesticated for thousands of years, distinguishable breeds of chicken have been present since the combined factors of geographical isolation and selection for desired characteristics created regional types with distinct physical and behavioral traits passed on to their offspring. The Old Hungarian chicken breeds come in Yellow, Partridge, White and speckled [barred]. This is yet, another excellent layer and is equally known as one of the breeds … Cuba • Kosovo • About the bird with black skin and... Chinese silk chickens: description. The overall result is a soft, fluffy appearance. [2][3] Other standards include the Standard of Perfection, the Australian Poultry Standard, and the standard of the American Bantam Association, which deals exclusively with bantam fowl. The Brahma breed is very similar in size to the Jersey Giant. Their capacity for incubation, which has been selectively bred out of most fowl bred especially for egg production, is often exploited by poultry keepers by allowing Silkies to raise the offspring of other birds. Bresse chickens are attractive … Since the 19th century, poultry fancy, the breeding and competitive exhibition of poultry as a hobby, has grown to be a huge influence on chicken breeds. Korea • Philippines • These include true bantams, miniature bantams, and developed bantams. Turkey • It is unknown exactly where or when these fowl with their singular combination of attributes first appeared, but the most well documented point of origin is ancient China. Chicken Breeds. United Kingdom • However, even standard Silkies are relatively small chickens, with the males weighing only four pounds (1.8 kg), and females weighing three pounds (1.36 kg). [8] In contrast, several Asian cuisines consider Silkie meat a gourmet food. It is among the most docile of poultry. They have greenish-gray legs and feet. The legs themselves are a delicacy. There is no such thing as a Chinese crested chicken. Our rare chicken breeds have unique features that separate them from standard chicken breeds. Bresse. Early Dutch breeders told buyers they were the offspring of chickens and rabbits,[3] while sideshows promoted them as having actual mammalian fur. On each species’ page we’ve also included information on poultry farming with sustainable chicken breeds and exotic breeds of chickens. Our quality ornamental chicken selection includes rare, unique, and specialty breeds that are healthy. [1], In the American Standard of Perfection, the standard male weight for the bantam Silkie is 1 kg (36 oz) (12in)and for the female, 907 g (32 oz)(10in). Jan 23, 2009 13,143 1,450 378 Irwin, Pennsylvania (Pittsburg area) If you are looking for a ‘winter breed’, which is energetic, active and playful, you must go for Ancona. [3], The black meat of a Silkie is generally considered an unusual attribute in European and American cuisines. Chinese Inspired Sesame Soy Chicken With Vegetables And Rice Recipe potsofsmiles:) cornstarch, ginger, carrots, garlic cloves, honey, red pepper and 9 more Breaded Chicken … Australia • But each chicken breed is known for a primary use. Araucana. This … Bearded Silkies have an extra muff of feathers under the beak area that covers the earlobes. The American Standar… Dual-purpose • Hens are also exceptionally broody, and care for young well. [18] A few fusion restaurants in metropolitan areas of the West have also cooked it as a part of traditional American or French cuisine, such as in confit. Many consider a few words penned by Marco Polo to be the first reference to black-boned chickens. Chicken Breeds: Dual-Purpose chickens. Breed of Chinese silk chickens is considered one of the oldest in the world. [1] They are also roughly divided by primary use, whether for eggs, meat, or ornamental purposes, and with some considered to be dual-purpose. [14][15] This causes ectopic SHH expression in the anterior of the developing limb bud, leading to increased tissue growth and digits. The Japanese Silkie initially develops additional digits in the wing as an embryo, but these are lost prior to hatching. Serbia • [12] The British standard weight for bantam Silkies is 600 g (22 oz) for males, and 500 g for females (18 oz). The first western recording of a Silkie sighting was by Marco Polo, in 1298. Ukraine • There are hundreds of chicken breeds in existence. The Silkie and several other breeds descended from Asian stock possess the mutation. China • Black Sex Link Chickens. However, they’re just a touch smaller. U denotes a breed primarily used for exhibition, but which is still used for utility purposes. These types are first generation crosses of true breeds. The Hungarian Yellow breed owes its life to a great man, Professor Crawford for all his diligent work. We have the chicken breeds that are for meat. Albania • Croatia • The Silkie (also known as the Silky or Chinese silk chicken) is a breed of chicken named for its atypically fluffy plumage, which is said to feel like silk and satin. Netherlands • Sweden • [1], Silkies are considered a bantam breed in some countries, but this varies according to region and many breed standards class them officially as large fowl; the bantam Silkie is actually a separate variety most of the time. While the feet of the Silkie display polydactyly, the wings have the standard tridactyly (three digit) arrangement. This breed isn’t really a black chicken breed (it’s a hybrid) but they’re still … Any breed may be used for general agricultural purposes, and all breeds are shown to some degree. Afghanistan • Colors of Silkie recognized for competitive showing include black, blue, buff, grey, partridge, and white. These chickens can… This breed originating in Australia was obtained in 1920, with deep roots … [16] The genetic cause behind Silkie polydactyly differs from those that cause polydactyly in the Dorking chicken breed, which is due to ectopic FGF4 expression in the AER, with ectopic SHH a secondary effect. Silkies are considered a bantam breed in some countries, but this varies according to region and many breed standards class them officially as large fowl; the bantam Silkie is actually a separate variety most of the time. Russia • [1] Once Silkies became more common in the West, many myths were perpetuated about them. Iceland • Pakistan • Chinese Crested Chickens. The Jersey Giant… They are frequently found in China, India, and Southeast Asia. [8] The usual methods of cooking include using Silkie to make broth, braising, and in curries. Italy • Other breeds which exhibit this rare trait include the Dorking, Faverolles, and Sultan. Most large chicken breeds have a bantam counterpart, sometimes referred to as a miniature. Chinese scientists have determined that there are substances in the meat of these birds that are capable of regulating the work of the spleen and the urinary organs. The Asian Hardfeather category includes breeds like Asil (or Aseel in the US), Nankin-Shamo Bantam, Malay, Ko-Shamo Bantam, Tuzo, Shamo, and Yamato-Gunkei. Portugal • Pita Pintas are compact birds with yellow skin, yellow beaks, red earlobes, and orange eyes. Origin: New Jersey. 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On government farms but has also been released to private farmers bearded Silkies have an extra muff feathers!