ptolemaic dynasty timeline

Their rule lasted for 275 years, from 305 to 30 BC. The Ptolemaic Kingdom (/ ˌ t ɒ l ɪ ˈ m eɪ. Search through the entire ancient history timeline. Well, it's easy as toast! Migration & Trade ... Timeline (Key events of her life) Around 51 B.C. He … In every respect they remained completely Greek, both in their language and traditions. Despite this, his family ruled Egypt for almost 300 years with the famous Cleopatra VII as the last queen of Egypt in 30 BC. Ptolemy's family ruled Egypt until the Roman conquest of 30 BC. The time period covering the Ptolemaic Dynasty is 332 BC - 30BC and was established by Alexander the Great and ended with the death of Queen Cleopatra. Ptolemaic pharaohs all took the name Ptolemy, and their queens took the names Cleopatra, Arsinoe, or Berenice. In 332, the Macedonian king Alexander the Great conquered Egypt and gave a new capital to the old kingdom along the Nile, Alexandria. He calls himself king of Egypt from 306 BC. )—son of Juba II of Mauretania and Cleopatra Selene II, daughter of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony. Dates in brackets represent the regnal dates of the Ptolemaic pharaohs. States & Territories In 305 BC, he declared himself Ptolemy I, later known as Sōter "Saviour". The last Ptolemaic queen was the famous Cleopatra, the lover of Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. Cities & Buildings Only one of her forebears truly set the tone for the dynasty, creating a mold that had roya Ptolemaic Egypt (by Sally-Ann Ashton) Following the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, his kingdom was divided amongst his generals. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. The names of the last two, the short-lived Thirty-First Dynasty and the longer-lasting Ptolemaic Dynasty, are later coinings. function tl_categories_checked() { The dynastic history of Ptolemaic Egypt is very confusing, because all the male rulers of the dynasty took the name Ptolemy, and because many of them married their sisters, who were often called Cleopatra, Arsinoe or Berenice. This unique characteristic was maintained through intermarriage; most often these marriages were either between brother and sister or even uncle and niece. tl_categories_checked(); Ptolemy V, also called Epiphanes ("the illustrious one"), was the last of the Ptolemaic rulers to hold control over Palestine and the people of Israel. Ptolemaic Period: Ptolemaic Period: 293 years: 30 BC - 640 AD Egypt in the Roman Period: Roman/Byzantine Period: 670 years 640-1517 Egypt in the Islamic Period: Islamic Period : 877 years 1517-1805 Ottoman Period : 288 years 1805-1919 Average Rules by Dynasty This is just a simple interesting graph that shows which dynasty rulers stayed on the throne the longest on average , and it turns out it’s the 12th dynasty (ca. Specify between which dates you want to search, and what keywords you … The Ptolemaic dynasty finally came to end with the advent of the Roman empire. Early life and career This is all likely due to inbreeding within the Ptolemaic dynasty. } [7], Contemporaries describe a number of the Ptolemaic dynasty members as extremely obese,[14] whilst sculptures and coins reveal prominent eyes and swollen necks. Ptolemy I Soter, (born 367/366 bc, Macedonia—died 283/282, Egypt), Macedonian general of Alexander the Great, who became ruler of Egypt (323–285 bc) and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty, which reigned longer than any other dynasty established on the soil of the Alexandrian empire and only succumbed to the Romans in 30 bc. They frequently ruled jointly with their wives, who were often also their sisters. They were the last dynasty of ancient Egypt. Timeline Search. The first thirty divisions are due to the 3rd century BC Egyptian priest Manetho, and appeared in his now-lost work Aegyptiaca. The Ptolemies, who originally came from Macedonia, were some of the most intriguing families in history. The Egyptians soon accepted the Ptolemies as the successors to the pharaohs of independent Egypt. Ptolemy, one of the seven somatophylakes (bodyguards) of Macedon who served as Alexander the Great's generals and deputies, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexander's death in 323 BC. Ptolemaic Dynasty Timeline. Ptolemies Rule Egypt, The. Ptolemaic Dynasty The Ptolemaic Dynasty ruled Egypt from 323 to 30 BCE. War(fare) & Battles $('.chk_timeline_types').change(function() { ... Ptolemaic Dynasty The Ptolemaic dynasty controlled Egypt for almost three centuries they then was falling to the Romans Period: 221. to . Some dynasties only ruled part of Egypt and existed concurrently with other dynasties based in other cities. Although they were rulers of Egypt they kept greek traditions and bloodlines up to their last ruler, Cleopatra. His dynasty is known as the Lagids (Lagides) or Ptolemies. 365-Day Calendar The timeline of the Ptolemaic Dynasty is as difficult to follow as the Intermediate Periods because there are frequent co-regencies, kings and queens sometimes fall out of power only to regain it, and several kings come to violent ends very early in their reign. The Ptolemys coexisted as both Egyptian pharaohs as well as Greek monarchs. Ptolemaic Dynasty The Nineteenth Dynasty of ancient Egypt was one of the periods of the Egyptian New Kingdom . On the death of Alexander’s last heirs, his conquests were divided among his generals: the Ptolemaic dynasty begins in 305 B.C., when one of Alexander’s generals, Ptolemy, became Ptolemy I of Egypt. While widely used and useful, the system does have its shortcomings. He was not the last of the Ptolemaic rulers, however. Cleopatra III Philometor Soteira Dikaiosyne Nikephoros (Kokke), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Epiphanius' Treatise on Weights and Measures - The Syriac Version, Move over, Lannisters: No one did incest and murder like the last pharaohs, "Morbid obesity and hypersomnolence in several members of an ancient royal family", "Familial proptosis and obesity in the Ptolemies", Muslim conquest of Mesopotamia and Persia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ptolemaic_dynasty&oldid=998143437, States and territories established in the 4th century BC, States and territories disestablished in the 1st century BC, 1st-millennium BC disestablishments in Egypt, 1st-century BC disestablishments in Greece, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox family with unknown parameters, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles needing additional references from January 2021, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 01:05. Cleopatra maneuvered her way through Egyptian, Greek, and Roman politics, defying the odds to keep the Ptolemaic dynasty – and Egypt’s independence – going. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. For the territorial state over which it ruled, see, Other notable members of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Ptolemy of Mauretania (died 40 C.E. Categories: Founded by Vizier Ramesses I , whom Pharaoh Horemheb chose as his successor to the throne, this dynasty is best known for its military conquests in modern Israel, Lebanon, and Syria. Ptolemy I and other early rulers of the dynasty were not married to their relatives, the childless marriage of siblings Ptolemy II and Arsinoe II[13] being an exception. Their reign lasted from 323 BC to 30 BC according to the Biblical Timeline Poster with World History. Some dynasties only ruled part of Egypt and existed concurrently with other dynasties based in other cities. ). Select: all / none. tl_categories_checked(); We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. During the reign of Ptolemy IV Philopater (222-205 BC), Celtic soldiers had become a part of the culture of Ptolemaic Egypt. At times he holds Cyprus and even parts of mainland Greece. When the dust of conflict has settled, he is firmly in control of Egypt and has strong claims (disuputed by the Seleucid dynasty) to Palestine. Like the earlier dynasties of ancient Egypt, the Ptolemaic dynasty practiced inbreeding including sibling marriage, but this did not start in earnest until nearly a century into the dynasty's history. Ptolemaic Dynasty - The Dynasties The names of the dynasties spanning Ptolemaic Dynasty were: 1st - First Egyptian Dynasty The Ptolemaic Dynasty did not come to an end until 30 BC when the famous CLEOPATRA died. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. In 332, the Macedonian king Alexander the Great conquered Egypt and gave a new capital to the old kingdom along the Nile, Alexandria. The first child-producing incestuous marriage in the Ptolemaic dynasty was that of Ptolemy IV and Arsinoe III, who were succeeded as co-pharaohs by their son Ptolemy V, born 210 BC. The Ptolemaic dynasty Until the day when he openly assumed an independent kingship as Ptolemy I Soter, on November 7, 305 bce, Ptolemy used only the title satrap of Egypt, but the great hieroglyphic Satrap stela, which he had inscribed in 311 bce, indicates … ɪ k /; Koinē Greek: Πτολεμαϊκὴ βασιλεία, romanized: Ptolemaïkḕ basileía) was an ancient Hellenistic state based in Egypt.It was founded in 305 BC by Ptolemy I Soter, a companion of Alexander the Great, and lasted until the death of Cleopatra in 30 BC. After Alexander’s death in 323 BC, his empire was divided between his generals. 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ptolemaic dynasty timeline 2021